Here are a few questions from my interviews through the email with certain people at high places like the CEO of Chintan or CSE and Forest Board Officials

Dear Mrs. Bharati Chaturvedi,

I am Yasho and the son of Nagesh Singh as you know. I am doing a project on the environment and sustainability in India and I was wondering if you could answer my questions below

  1. How has sustainability affected the lives of people in rural parts of India?
  2. Is hiring companies and creating a joint sector with the government the best way forward?
  3. What is our standpoint towards the environment as a country?
  4. What are some impressive models  of cities that can be adapted and mixed to form a sustainable city? How could it be done?
  5. Are the current sustainability technologies enough or do we require more? If so which fields do we require it in?
  6. Do you feel that a new planning commission should be set for making sure all new houses are zero emissions and making sure that the entire country has resources for such houses?
  7. How much time do you think there is before we actually start making progress with conservation of resources nd use of renewable resources like biogas?

The second transcript is a survey I sent out to 26 forest and sustainability board officials

  1. What is the proposed sustainability plan for the country moving forward?
  2. What are the current technologies being used in India for sustainability
  3. Have steps been taken to use renewable energy?
  4. Are there any examples of large scale sustainability and zero emission houses?
  5. What is the best city like? That is how can it mix modern and historical along with environmental aspects?



Day 25

Started the product as a google tour builder. Wrote down the problems with the state and a general overview of the environment. Thoroughly like the product idea and hope to use it for all states

Day 25

Day 24

Finally understood what to do for the product. The idea is a virtual map with pin markers and the markers have information boxes. Met with supervisor and talked more about the report which is something almost completed.


Day 24

Day 22+23(12/20-12/21/15)

In a collective and final blog I am going to present data fro the seven north-eastern states collectively(minus Meghalaya which has already been done).


Area 98,653 square miles
Population 40 million
Geography The seven states sit on the Himalayas, North eastern hills, and on the plains of the Brahmaputra as well as Barak Valley. Since this region varies topographically it various species of flora and fauna. It is also sparsely populated and so one can find nature at its purest. Altitude can reach over 7000 metres.
Climate This part of the country receives a very very high amount of rainfall. Since it mostly lies on hills it is very cold throughout the year. In the valleys one can find pleasant weather. Interestingly you will find specific types of fauna in specific climate regions
Flora The seven states make up a priority Global 200 ecosystem.

51 forest types are found in the region, broadly classified into six major types — tropical moist deciduous forests, tropical semi evergreen forests, tropical wet evergreen forests, subtropical forests, temperate forests and alpine forests.

Out of the nine important vegetation types of India, six are found in the North Eastern region.

These forests harbour 8,000 out of 15,000 species of flowering plants. In floral species richness, the highest diversity is reported from the states of Arunachal Pradesh (5000 species) and Sikkim (4500 species) amongst the North Eastern States.

According to the Indian Red Data Book, published by the Botanical Survey of India, 10 percent of the flowering plants in the country are endangered. Of the 1500 endangered floral species, 800 are reported from North East India.

Most of the North Eastern states have more than 60% of their area under forest cover, a minimum suggested coverage for the hill states in the country in order to protect from erosion.

North East India is a part of Indo-Burma ‘hotspot’. The hotspot is the world’s second largest, next only to the Mediterranean basin, with an area 2,206,000 square kilometres (852,000 sq mi) among the 25 identified

Fauna Spread over an area of 1,985 square kilometres (766 sq mi) in Arunachal Pradesh, Namdapha National Park is the largest national park of the northeast region. Situated 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Miao (district headquarters on the Indo-Burma border), Namdapha National Park is one of the largest wildlife protected areas in India. The altitude rises from 200 to 4,500 metres (660 to 14,760 ft) in the snow-capped mountains. The ecosystem abounds in more than 150 species of timber. Important rare fauna species include Pinus merkusii, Abies delavayi, blue vanda and Mishimi teeta. The Namdapha tiger reserve in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, in an area of 1,850 square kilometres (710 sq mi) rugged terrain, is home to feline species such as tiger, clouded leopard, snow leopard and lesser cats. Primates such as Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque, hoolock gibbon, besides other mammals (elephant, Asian black bear, Indian bison, deer), birds (white-winged wood duck, great Indian hornbill, jungle fowl, pheasant) and reptiles add to the rich fauna diversity.

Manas National Park

Wildlife sanctuary and a World Heritage Site (declared by UNESCO), in the Barpeta district of Assam and partly along Bhutan foothills, the Manas National Park is shelter to rare species of as many as 55 mammals, 50 reptiles, 380 birds and three amphibians. Besides tiger, elephant, rhinoceros and wild water buffalo, leopard,pigmy hog, red panda, swamp deer, capped langur, sambar, hispid hare, golden langur, fowl, bulbul, brahminy duck, Indian grey hornbill and roofed turtle are protected in the Manas National Park. It is also an elephant reserve and biosphere reserve.

Kaziranga National Park

Spread over an area of approximately 430 square kilometres (170 sq mi), 217 kilometres (135 mi) from Guwahati, with annual rainfall of 2300 mm, Kaziranga National Park is on the bank of Brahmaputra river with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant-grass. It is home to the world’s largest population of great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, largest of the three Asian rhinos.The grasslands of semi-evergreen forest are inhabited by leopard, elephant, barasingha or swamp deer, barking deer, wild boar, hog deer, bison, otter, hoolock gibbon, golden langur, wild water buffalo, capped langur, pygmy hog, bear, grey-headed fish eagle, Pallas’s fish eagle, crested serpent eagle, swamp partridge, red jungle fowl, Bengal florican, whistling teal, pelican, red-breasted parakeet, black-necked stork, adjutant stork, open-bill stork, egret, heron, white-winged wood duck, rock python, monitor lizard, turtle and other commonly found species.

Orang National Park

Also known as ‘Mini Kaziranga’, the Orang National Park is on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra, in the state of Assam, covering 78.81 square kilometres (30.43 sq mi). Established as a sanctuary in 1985 and declared a national park in 1999, it is 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Tezpur and 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Guwahati. The terrain slopes gently from north to south covered with natural forest vegetation like Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo,Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora, Ziziphus jujuba, Litsaea polyantha and other non-aquatic grassland species. One-horned rhinoceros, royal Bengal tiger,Asiatic elephant, hog deer, wild boar, civet, leopard, hare, porcupines and commonly found birds and reptiles in the region. Orang National Park is an important habitat of the Bengal florican.

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Situated in the Morigaon district of Assam, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Guwahati, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary covers 38.8 square kilometres (15.0 sq mi) and is famous for great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. The sanctuary also protects Asian buffalo, leopard, wild bear, civet, reptiles and some 2000 migratory birds.

Sepahijola Wildlife Sanctuary

Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Tripura, India. It covers an area of about 18.53 square kilometres (7.15 sq mi) and is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the city centre. It is a woodland with an artificial lake and natural botanical and zoological gardens. The sanctuary boasts of abounding congregation of wildlife, especially birds and primates, the terrain is absolutely green throughout the year and so is the beautiful weather except for the two humid summer months of March and April. It gives shelter to about 150 species of birds and the unique bespectacled monkey.

Keibul Lamjao National Park

Keibul Lamjao National Park is about 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Imphal in Manipur. Temperatures range from a maximum of 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) to a minimum of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F). Established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1966, it became a national park in 1977. The area of the park, about 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi), mostly comprises wetlands overgrown with 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) deep floating vegetation called Phumdi. Loktak lake, the largest freshwater lake in India, falls primarily within the park. Brow-antlered deer (sangai in Meitei dialect) is particularly popular among the species of deer that abounds here. Extremely rare lesser cats like the marbled cat and Temminck’s golden cat, Himalayan black bear, Malayan bear, black eagle, shaheen falcon, great white pelican, bamboo-partridge and green peafowl, hooded crane, brown hornbill, wreathed hornbill, great pied hornbill (great Indian hornbill) constitute the diverse fauna in the park.

Water Brahmaputra and Barak river systems


Day 22+23(12/20-12/21/15)

Day 21(12/6/15)



Area 2,740 square miles
Population 690,000
Geography The state is small but beautiful. It sits on the higher Himalayas of the east. There are no plains and the main source of income is step-farming. All houses are on the hillsides
Climate The state is divided into temperate, tropical and alpine zones. The tropical zones are towards the bottom of the mountains and temperate in the middle and alpine on the top. Temperate and alpine face a lot of rain throughout the year along with cold. The temperate zone is quite pleasant and cool.
Flora Forests of magnolia, blue poppies, primulas, gentians and geraniums make a beautiful sight. Orchids, gladioli, poppies, azaleas and camellias add to the collection. It has a great variety of rhododendrons as well. In the tropical zone the vegetation is mainly figs, laurels, sal trees, ferns and a variety of bamboo. In the temperate zone it is  oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir. In the tropical zones it is juniper, cypresses and rhododendrons.
Fauna The dense forests of Sikkim are home to a variety of animals. The Musk Deer is found in the upper temperate zone while the Himalayan Black Bear is found in lower forests.Also found, is the Red Panda, the Red Goral, the Blue Sheep, the Shapi and the Snow Leopard found in the alpine areas. Another animal that can be found is the Yak. Sikkim’s bird population is almost 550 species. The birds of Sikkim are made up of the Impeyan pheasant, the crimson horned pheasant, the snow partridge, the snow cock, the lammergeyer and griffon vultures, golden eagles, quail, plovers, woodcock, sandpipers, pigeons, Old World flycatchers, babblers and robins.Sikkim also has 700 types of butterfly. These include Kaiser-i-hind, Yellow Gorgon and the Bhutan Glory.
Reserves Neora Valley, Singhalila, Fambong Lho, and the most famous Kanchenjunga
Water Teesta and Rangeet


  1. The main problem faced is ill planned hydropower plants which can cause flash floods and submerge the state
  2. Decreasing Forest Cover due to step-farming means loss of habitat for animals and increasing landslides that are rocking the state





“RIVERS.” IN SIKKIM. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <>.


“Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of Sikkim.” Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sikkim, National Parks of Sikkim. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <>.


“Flora and Fauna.” :: Welcome to the Official Web Portal of Sikkim Tourism. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <>.

“Ill Planned Hydroelectric Projects: The Burning Environmental Issue in Sikkim.” NE Greens. N.p., 26 Oct. 2010. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <>.


Day 21(12/6/15)

Day 20(12/5/15)



Area 36,357 square miles
Population 99 million
Geography Bihar is a mainly plain state with its south west on a plateau. The soils found here are alluvial soils due to the rivers which makes Bihar a very good farming state. The north of the state is situated on foothills.
Climate The state has three main seasons being monsoon, summer and winter. Winters are pleasant but summers are very hot since it is close to the Tropic of Capricorn. The monsoon season is what helps the crops since it comes at the perfect time of growing the crop
Flora Bihar is known for the teak, sal and palash trees. Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane, Jamun, and Saccharum can also be found. The main vegetation is actually shrubs of various kinds along with long thick grass plains.
Fauna Reptile can be found like Cobras, bias, lizards. Monkeys and elephants are quite common. There are a few lions and tigers in the state. The other animals are Tiger, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Chital,Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Langur. In terms of avifauna the birds are of 10 types. Birds cannot be found in plenty in Bihar.
Reserves Kaimul, Rajgir, Gautam Buddha, Udaipur, Bhimbandh, Nagi Dam, Valmik Nagar
Water Ganga, Sone, Poonpoon, Falgu, Karmanasa, Durgawati, Kosi, Ghaghara


  1. Whatever trees were left were cut which killed the habitats of the birds and ruined the biodiversity of the minimal forests
  2. Soils are also dying due to continuous cropping which is ruining the plains
  3. As rivers come into the state they get ruined due to the increased garbage pollution in the state
  4. Firecrackers  used on three days of the year account for 75% of air pollution in Bihar.


I feel that the above information has taught me quite a lot on the environment in Bihar and hs exposed me to one of the other problems my country faces. At the face of it all though I wonder whether the problem is education and greed. I do plan to use this information on my product.


  1. Multiple problems have ben viewed till now that indicate a high level of neglect on part of officials
  2. The entire biodiversity system is certainly mind-boggling considering its immensity
  3. A certain research question on my part would be ‘what kind of a committee needs to be set up to eradicate problems on part of public and then private entities?’


Day 20(12/5/15)